All gold plating used on our pens is 24K “upgrade gold”. Upgrade means that the parts are plated using the rack method and that small amounts of cobalt or palladium are added to the plating chemicals. This enhances the durability of the gold plating. The tumbled method, which we do not use, produces an inferior gold plating and is less costly.
This is an extremely durable plating. Under normal use this plating should hold up for many years.
The parts are coated with a very intense colored clear coat rather than plated. The colors are very rich and obvious; excellent for school colors or any time color is desired.
This method produces extremely durable and the most durable plating. The process used is called PVD (particle vapor deposition). Titanium nitride matched to the color of gold is molecularly bonded to the part and then 24K gold is bonded (sputtered) on the part to achieve a color match to our other gold parts. The parts are again re-plated after this. The final result is that the parts will virtually never show wear.
A more attractive finish that is slightly more durable than the 24k gold.
This a very durable hard plating. We use real platinum rather than rhodium and it should be expected to hold up under normal careful use for many years.
This is titanium oxide molecularly bonded (PVD). This plating is unbelievably hard and durable. It will last for many, many years.
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